Neurology (derived from greek words neuron – “nerve” and logia – “science“) is the science of the illnesses of the central nervous system (brain and spinal cord) and peripheral nervous system (peripheral nerves and muscles). The border to the psychiatry is partly fluent. In other words, the neurology deals more with the hardware, the psychiatry more with the software.
Neurologic diseases may present with a variety of symptoms for example weakness and paralysis, numbness, tingling and sensory loss, gait and balance disorders, dizziness and vertigo, syncope’s and fainting, disorders of vision, smell, taste and hearing, dysphagia, disorders of speech, memory loss and confusion and at least headache, back and neck pain.
To figure out the reasons for disturbance, the two most important tools used for a neurologist are the detailed patient’s history and the neurological assessment. Depending on the clinical manifestation, different investigations follow for example neurophysiologic studies as nerve conduction velocity, electromyography, evoked potentials and electroencephalography, MRI of brain and spine or laboratory. A part from this, a close collaboration is done with the eye specialist, ENT specialist, dentist, cardiologist and psychiatrist.
Most neurological diseases can be treated conservatively, that means with medications, physiotherapy, ergo therapy, logo therapy and lifestyle modifications. The patient is always seen holistic. If conservatively treatment fails or is not first line treatment, the patient is referred to Neurosurgeon.
What is a Neurologist?
A Neurologist is a doctor specialized in diagnosing and treating neurological diseases affecting the brain, the spine, the nerves and the muscles.